4. Anatolian Yastiks -- page 4 of 21

1 Turkish Pile Rugs 2 Turkish Pile Rugs 3 Turkish Flatweaves 4 Anatolian Yastiks 5 Anatolian Yastiks 6 Anatolian Yastiks 7 Anatolian Yastiks 8 Anatolian Yastiks 9 Anatolian Yastiks 10 Anatolian Yastiks 11 Central Asia 12 Central Asia 13 Central Asia 14 Central Asia 15 Central Asia 16 Caucasus 17 Turkish 18 Turkish Karaman 17c 19 Anatolian Hotamish Turkmen Kilim 20 Textile Gallery 21 Persian Rugs

Anatolian Yastiks: The Collection of Dennis Dodds and Zinaida Vaganova

Turkish pile yastiks from the Collection of Dennis Dodds and Zinaida Vaganova. The pieces are from varying regions of Anatolia.

Yastik is the Turkish word for cushion cover. Measuring approximately 2x4 feet, these were placed horizontally, like bolsters, along the back of a divan (another Turkish word) or sofa. Images of yastiks are seen in Ottoman paintings and the court interiors produced and displayed sumptuous examples made of silk velvet and metal brocade. The Maqam Collection focuses on yastiks made in the villages and tribal compounds across all regions of Turkey where they were woven of wool on wool foundations, just like the rugs. Sometimes silk, cotton, and metal highlights were used. Most of the pieces in the collection were woven in the 18th and 19th century, with some notable and particularly unusual examples from the early 20th century. Following are only a few images from the total of 45 yastiks in the collection. The yastik below is nearly identical to one in the Joseph McMullan Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and the design is directly derived from Ottoman silk velvet yastiks of the 17th century.

BELOW: Western Anatolia, Dazgir, late 18th or early 19th century. The design element in the center of the field is composed of angular leaves and a rosette. This motif is derived from a border pattern found in many prayer rugs of the late 17th and 18th centuries, woven in the Dazigir region and exported to Transylvania where they were donated to Lutheran churches by Saxon parishoners.

Yastik, Central Anatolia, Konya, circa 1800

BELOW: Central Anatolia, c. 1850. Another yastik with this border, palette and construction, has been published by a California dealer. It contains an inscribed date of 1267 Hegira, or 1850 AD. From the Jerrehian Family Collection, Philadelphia

BELOW: Central Anatolia, Aksaray, circa 1850. Tinehe large central medallion is deep aubergine. Acquired from Davut Mizrahi Gallery, Vienna.